Canada’s Treaty Obligations

We will live up to the spirit and intent of Treaties, agreements, and other constructive arrangements.

In the past, Canada routinely failed to live up to the spirit and intent of the Treaties, agreements, and constructive arrangements it had entered into with Indigenous Peoples. Through slow and steady work with Indigenous partners, that legacy is changing.

To ensure that Canada implements the spirit and intent of Treaties, agreements, and other constructive arrangements, we will move forward with a new co-developed distinctions-based process for the ongoing review, maintenance, and enforcement of Canada’s treaty obligations between the Crown and Indigenous communities. This work will be supported by a new National Treaty Commissioner’s Office which will be designed and established with Indigenous partners.